AG and GmbH

The most common business forms for companies are Aktiengesellschaft (AG) and Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (GmbH).

  • Aktiengesellschaft (AG)
  • Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (GmbH).

For formation of an AG or GmbH notarial certification of the foundation and entry in commercial register is required.

Approx. Costs:

  • Bank and lawyer CHF 2,000 – 5,000;
  • Commercial register entry CHF 800 – 1,000
  • Documents can be checked within 7 working days by commercial register office (CHF 200–300).

Number of shareholders: at least one shareholder (individual, legal or commercial entity)

  • AG: represented by Swiss domiciled member of the board of directors or a director (depending on the Canton where the company is registered)
  • GmbH: represented by Swiss domiciled managing director or director

Required minimum capital:

  • AG CHF 100,000 (min. CHF 50,000 paid in);
  • GmbH CHF 20,000 (fully paid in)

If capital paid in cash, the amount will be deposited on a blocked bank account.

If capital is contributed in kind (i.e. contribution of real assets), an audit of the formation report by a state-certified auditor is needed.

Founding steps and legal forms for AG and GmbH (more information can be found

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